Jun 26, 2020 3:06:25 PM / Launa Albrecht / Ice Slicer Economics

True Cost of Winter Maintenance

Economics play an important role in winter maintenance decision-making, and they should.  Winter maintenance impacts many aspects of our lives.  However, when choosing a deicer, it is important to consider how that deicer will affect all of the other costs associated with winter maintenance.  In the following article we will explore the many different direct and indirect costs that make up the total cost of winter maintenance, and how those costs are impacted by the deicer you choose.

True Cost of Winter Maintenance

As part of winter road maintenance, agencies, cities, and towns employ a myriad of solutions customized to their local snow and ice control needs and funding, staffing, and equipment constraints. Anti-icing, deicing, sanding, snowplowing, and snow fencing are all strategies used to keep residents and travelers mobile in the winter. 

On average, state DOTs expend roughly 20% of their budgets on winter maintenance, with a direct cost of $2.3 billion and an indirect (infrastructure and environmental) cost of $5 billion annually. Typically, the strategies employed by agencies come with tradeoffs. The costs include resources expended by the agency, corrosion, and potential environmental impacts. Benefits or payoffs for efficient road maintenance can include economic impacts to society and increased safety and mobility for travelers. winter road maintenance costs

Direct Costs of Winter Road Maintenance 

Direct costs are costs directly tied to the production of a specific service—what it takes to make it happen

  • Equipment:  Plows and trucks—today many of these are equipped with state-of-the-art technology such as GPS systems; computer-controlled spray bars; and monitors providing real-time readings of the route, road temperature, truck speed, and rate of application. 
  • LaborPlows and trucks do not load or drive themselves.  Whether performing anti-icing strategies ahead of storms, or tackling the roads once a storm has begun, winter maintenance operations are very labor intensive and require qualified and informed individuals for successful execution.     
  • FuelDepending on the storm and the road conditions, snowplows can be on the road for up to sixteen straight hours.  Filling up, blading, idling, plowing, and idling some more all consume fuel.  Depending on the make and model of the plow, drivers will get anywhere from 2-15 mpg.  In Utah there are 103,00+ lane miles to take care ofClick here to see lane mile statistics for all states.  Those lane miles require a lot of fuel when storms hit. 
  • Product (Deicing Material)Brines, salts, abrasives, corrosion inhibitors, added chlorides, and treated or chemically enhanced solid chemicals are all deicing product options. 
  • Clean UpCleaning equipment is essential to keep it operating properly.  In addition to clean equipment, some areas must clean up leftover deicing products.  Sand and aggregates do not dissolve, and, after several cycles of storms and plowing, can build up on roadways.   

Indirect Costs of Winter Road Maintenance 

  • Infrastructure: Over time, many popular deicing products can cause damage to vehicles, bridges, buildings and the environment.  It is important to understand your products and procedures and how they will affect surrounding areas.   
  • Corrosion: The gradual destruction of materials is an unfortunate byproduct of deicing.  If left unchecked, corrosion can create dangerous conditions within key truck components, such as the electrical system. But preventive maintenance can help stop rust before it becomes unwieldy and eats away components past the point of repair.   
traffic on an icy road
  • Liability:   
    • Almost half a million car accidents each year are due to winter storms, wet road conditions, and general bad weather.  
    • Each year, an average of 1,836 deaths and 136,309 injuries are attributed to conditions on icy and snowy roads. 
    • Icy road fatalities account for more deaths than all other weather hazards combined (3.6 times more).  
    • Almost half a million car accidents each year are due to winter storms, wet road conditions, and general bad weather.  
    • Heavy rain, thick fog, or consistent snow can reduce driver visibility almost instantaneously. Heavy snow specifically can slow traffic speeds more than 60% of their regular speed limit.  
    • 74% of all weather-related car accidents are due to wet roads. Of this percentage, sleet and snow cause 13%, while only 3% are related to foggy conditions.    These statistics are taken from USDOT, FHWA, NHTSA, and the Auto Insurance Center. 
  •  
  • Disruption of Lives and EconomiesIn 1999 it was estimated that approximately $1.4 billion dollars would be lost in wages alone if all of the snowbelt states had to stop for just one day due to a winter weather event. Since then, that number is closer to $2.6 billion according to HIS Global Insight (17).  A study of economic forecasts for the state of Kansas estimated that for an average weekday in February, the Interstate and State highway system caries $175 million in goods and accounts for $30 million in daily wages (Kansas DOT, 2013). 

Economic Impact by State of icy roads

The economic impact of snow-related road closures far exceeds the cost of timely snow removal and regular maintenance. Investing upfront, although it may seem costly, protects the long-term benefit of smooth economic function  

Total Cost of Deicing and Ice Slicer 

Some people think that Ice Slicer is a more expensive product, but when the total cost of maintaining winter roads and managing storms is considered, Ice Slicer is actually a more efficient and economical product.     

With Ice Slicer You Experience: 

  • More Traction (Eliminating additional aggregates and unnecessary cleanup)
  • Less Bounce & Scatter (Creating better lane coverage)
  • Fewer Treatment Cycles (Using less product to get the job done)
  • Less Corrosion (In turn protecting vehicles and roads)
  • Faster Melting & Longer Lasting (Unsurpassed all-around performance)

Because of Ice Slicer’s superior performance, your total cost per storm will drop significantly.